Home

Drone use for Refugees Monitoring over the deep sea and between borders


To design and fabricate a drone that has the capability to survey the large area foe refuge movement monitoring, has high endurance, low acoustic signature, low radar cross section area, stealth surface material.These Drones have many uses. Drones are more officially known as unmanned airborne vehicles (UAV). A drone is an untitled airliner in technology. For all intents and purposes a drone is a flying Robot. The airliner may be remotely controlled or can fly separately through software-illicit escape plans in their fixed systems functioning in combination with GPS.  UAVs have most often been related with the martial but they are also used for search and free, watch traffic monitoring, weather monitoring and firefighting, between other things.

Hardware/Software Characteristics for Refugees Monitoring Drones, UAV

  1. High endurance (5 Hours or Greater)
  2. Low Acoustic Signature
  3. Low Radar cross section area
  4. High Top Speed
  5. Auto – Pilot

Features Required

  1. Stealth Capability: The drone has the capability of being stealth, so that it can fly near to sea vessels undetected and provide valuable information regarding the position of pirates & hostages. This capability is especially very important since the pirates must not know that they are being spied upon, otherwise they’ll quickly work on countermeasures to avoid being caught.The law enforcement agencies aim at striking their target with total surprise so that they face minimal resistance.
  1. Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU): IMU is an electronic equipment that is now the most critical part for UAV control as well as land and sea navigation. IMUs in addition with GPS systems accurately guide the UAV to perform autonomous missions, where minimal or no operator intervention is required. For Example, the UAV can perform completely autonomous landing, takeoff, refueling and multiple other missions. This helps in taking off the excess load from the operator so that he/she can focus on mission’s strategic plan and execution rather than divert his/her attention in flying the vehicle. IMUs are composed of 4 sub components which are as follows.
  • Gyroscope
  • Accelerometer
  • Barometer
  • Magnetometer

All of above four modules feed their output to a central procession unit, which then precisely calculates the speed, position, altitude, direction, air pressure, pitch, roll and yaw of an airplane.

  1. Day-Night Capability for monitoring the refuges: The system will be having a HD camera and an infrared camera, so that it can effectively be used in both Day and Night missions.

Infrared Camera are particularly helpful for night operations, where a target is not identifiable from distance due to low or no light. Infrared cameras capture the heat sources (like human body) and make picture of it. The cameras are extremely heat sensitive and can easily distinguish a hand from a non-heat releasing source.

For example, following is the image taken in complete darkness with the help of IR camera.

  1. Construction with Composite Materials: The machine needs to be created with Carbon Fiber external body. Carbon fiber is a material that is stronger than steel yet lighter than aluminum and can withstand immense burning temperatures.
  1. High Resolution Radar for monitoring the refuges: High resolution part needs to be an integral part of UAV design, as it will identify the vessels from large distance aiding in decision making for the remote operator on whether to engage, spy or leave the vessel. It also helps to distinguish friendly vessels from pirate vessels.
  1. Laser Imagery Module for monitoring the refuges: This module is important for sea navigation. It is specially necessary when it comes to find the range to target and identifying the size of target.
  1. Altimeter Module for monitoring the refuges: Altimeter module (Range: 0 m height – 1,000 m height) is part of the machine. It tells the machine its precise drone height, which in turn also helps the machine the exact sag of Cable. The cable sag of electric cable also tells the drone the health of cable since higher sag means the cable is in poor health.
  1. Camera Module for monitoring the refuges: The camera module is the unique feature of the drone. The camera is controlled by remote ground station.

The ground station comprises of a helmet HUD (head up display). The camera control in drone is directly linked to head movement of the person using it. e.g when a person looks left, the camera on the drone looks left.

  1. Gyroscopic Stabilizers for monitoring the refuges: The Gyroscopic stabilizer is used by machine to keep itself stable in mid-air and also is the main requirement for the cameras. The cameras in this UAV platform need to have gyroscopic stabilization. This helps in stabilizing the camera platform when the movement of UAV is not smooth in air, mostly due to fast winds.
  1. Swarm Bots for monitoring the refuges: Swarm bots is a term used for multiple UAVs that operate in collaboration to achieve a common target. For example, to search and navigate a large area, multiple UAVs split the job, where each UAV is in communication with the other UAV and acting like an effective team. Software is used to integrate the data and communications into one central platform based at ground station where a small crew of remote pilots are able to fly multiple UAVs at once.

Drone Design & Construction forrefuges monitoring:

  • Design & Construction
  • Camera Mounting Details
  • Drone Capability
  • Design Challenges
  1. Mechanical Design Construction & Features for UAV Drones:

UAV Type: Variable pitch Propeller, thin wing UAV

 No. of BLDC motors          1

Servo Motor                       For Actuating surfaces

Motor Power Rating        600 W per BLDC Motor

Motor RPM                         10000 RPM

Voltage Rating                   22.2 V

Total Flying Power            600 W

 Propeller Dimensions

Diameter X Pitch = 10” X 4”

Battery Details for UAV Drones

Battery Details                                LiPO

Battery Max Amperage                40 Amps Continuous

Battery Weight                               1500 grams

  1. Camera Mounting details For IR & Visible Light Cameras over UAV Drones

Camera DOF   = 3 (0 – 180 Degrees)

No. Of Servos = 3

Mounting Weight = 100 grams

  1. Drone Capability

 Fuselage: 4.2 ft.

Wingspan: 5 ft.

Stall speed: 65 Km/hr.

Max Speed: 150 Km/hr

Max Altitude: 2000 meters above Sea Level

Max Takeoff Weight: 10 Kg

Payload capacity

  • 3 Kg

DESIGN CHALLENGES for UAV Drones

  • Light weight (for increased endurance )
  • Low cost( for completion of project with limited resources )
  • Simple design (for achieving the fabrication with basic tools only )
  • Use minimum actuators( for optimized design )
  • Time Limitation ( limited time of 1 year for design and implementation)
  • Quickly repairable& Completely Detachable
  • Minimum space consumption by installed mechanism
04-30-16

img
Magnetic 3D Bio Printing

Magnetic 3D Bio Printing includes bio compatible magnetic to print cells into three dimensional cell cultures. Cells are attached with magnetic Nan shuttle which are used to turn them magnetic. Once it become magnetic,...more

img
Arm wrestling drones

                                        Drones are the new mean modern technology made by mankind which can...more

img
ISSUES IN MOLECULAR COMMUNICATIONS

As the thought behind molecular communication is that you utilize synthetic signs, what I anticipate similarly as the fate of sub-atomic correspondence is worried that as in different frameworks where small scale advances...more

img
UAV Drones Introduction, History and Impacts on Human Life and Technology

Drones are more officially known as unmanned airborne vehicles (UAV). A drone is an untitled airliner in technology. For all intents and purposes a drone is a flying Robot. The airliner may...more


Human Cloning used for Medicines and for Anti-Aging tool

Now days human cloning widely used in research for anti-aging and used for medicines. South Korean scientists also claimed of cloning eleven embryos of human but the analysis of his work by a university showed that the results were 66% true. Till today none of 100% successful experience for human cloning has been registered yet but human cloning can prove...more

img
Super DNA Printing

Scientists and researchers believe that super human qualities are much greater than other human beings. Advance Scientific experiments create such extraordinary qualities to the super DNA which we only think....more

img
Future Database have NoSql

As we know SQL relational databases basically deals with structured data, like phone numbers, while NoSQL deals well with unstructured data like social media. In todays world mostly companies and authorities are less...more


Gullivers Travels Summary and detailed Review

One day on a nice morning Gulliver was strolling along the shore that he noticed a small boat coming to shore, first he just thought of it as a toy but afterward, he noticed that someone was rowing the boat. He soon took out his binoculars and noticed that it was...more

img
3D Physical Web of Things:Future Aspects and its Technical Working

Researchers, designers and developers explore the future of physical web in a community called Web of Things. Web standards have a leverage to make ease of use and integrate in all sorts of...more

img
Smart Future Farming:Seeding Throw Drones

Today, the farmers have to use tractors to plant seeds in their huge fields. The invention of seeding drones can drag out the farmers from this difficulty by planting the perfect rows of...more

img
DNA Replication using Bio Printer

Bio printing is a subordinate of 3D printing, also known as additive manufacturing, focused on the creation of organs, DNA ,body parts and limbs compatible and functional enough to be...more

img
Types of UAV Drones, its usage and Applications

Dust drones are relatively Cheaper, Safe and precise than crop airplanes which are dangerous and also can be replaceable by drones. These Drones have many uses .They are used for...more

img
Flying Strobe drones applications, working and how Strobe drones works

A drone is commonly known as unnamed aerial vehicles. Drones are flying robots. They are remotely controlled or can be controlled by software which enabled with GPS. Drones are used for military purpose...more

img
3D Physical Web of Things:Future Aspects and its Technical Working

Researchers, designers and developers explore the future of physical web in a community called Web of Things. Web standards have a leverage to make ease of use and integrate in all sorts of...more

img
UAV Drones usage for Speedy Justice:Court Drones

The instant court drones are still a concept and not something that exists in reality till now. The instant drone concept refers to that the use of drones by the...more

img
Infrastructure as a service: limitations and future doors

It is the first type of cloud computing where the service provider keeps all the data of its host on a virtual machine. It provides services, hardware ,software etc on the behave...more

img
How Disease Monitoring Drones Works: Its Application, Objectives and Usage

Remote sensing is a process of observing things without physically touching them. Drones are actually a small flying unmanned aircraft also know as unmanned aerial (UAV). It has many purposes...more

img
How Printing Batteries Made, Its Structure Usage and Future Applications

Scientists use a 3D printer to make lithium-ion micro batteries. Basically, all the batteries have same structure such as having anode, cathode and electrolyte. Batteries are constructed by tiny electrodes,...more

img
Power line monitoring drones

Power line monitoring drones designed to monitor the power lines as can be understood by the name.Drones are planes of small size which are remotely controlled by a pilot.Power lines are stretched...more