Home
Future Innovations
Engineering and ICT
Natural Sciences

Top 20 problems faced by girls and womens between 15 years to 40 years

In 21 out of 41 countries with data more than one third of girls aged 15-40 years are anemic. Anemic most commonly iron- deficiency anemic increases the risk of hemorrhage in the age of 15-40 years.It causes physical deficits in young children and reduces productivity in adults age between 15-40 years.

2-HIV/AIDS:

For women aged 15-40 years, HIV/AIDS is the leading cause of death world wide with unsafe sex being the main risk factor in developing countries. Biological factors lack of access to information and health services, unequal power in sexual relations expose women ,particularly young women to HIV infection.

3-Tuberculosis:

Tuberculosis is often linked to HIV infections and is among the five leading causes of death in low income countries among women of reproductive age and young adult women aged 15-40 years.

4-Injuries:

Both self-inflicted injuries and road injuries figure among the top 10 causes of death among adult women (15-40 years) globally. In the WHO South-east region, burns are among the top 10 leading causes of death among women aged 15-40. Women suffer significantly more fire- related injuries and deaths than men, due to cooking accidents or as the result of intimate partner and family violence.

5- Cervical cancer

Cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer in women aged between 15-40 years worldwide, with all cases linked to a sexually transmitted genital infection Due to poor access to screening and treatment services, more than 90% of deaths occur in women aged between 15-40 years living in low- and middle- income countries.

6-Violence

Violence against women is widespread around the world. Recent figures indicate that 35% of women aged 15-40 years worldwide have experienced either intimate partner violence or non-partner sexual violence in their lifetime. 42% of them have experienced injuries as a result. Increasingly in many conflicts, sexual violence is also used as a tactic of war.

7-Depression

Depression is the leading cause of disease burden for women aged 15-40 years in both high-income and low- and middle-income countries. Depression following childbirth, affects 20% of mothers in low- and lower-middle-income countries, which is even higher than previous reports from high-income countries. Every year, an estimated 800 000 people die from suicide globally, the majority being men. However, there are exceptions, for instance in China where the suicide rate in rural areas is higher among women aged 15-40 years than men. Attempted suicide, which exceeds suicide by up to 20 times, is generally more frequent among women aged 15-40 years than men and causes an unrecognized burden of disability. At the same time, attempted suicide is an important risk factor for death from suicide and shows the need for appropriate health services for this group.

8-Disabilities

Disability which affects 15% of the world population is more common among women aged 15-40 years than men. Women with age 15-40 years have disabilities have poorer health outcomes, lower education achievements, less economic participation and higher rates of poverty than women without disabilities. Adult women aged 15-40 years with disabilities are at least 1.5 times more likely to be a victim of violence than those without a disability.

9-Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Tobacco use and the burning of solid fuels for cooking are the primary risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease a life-threatening lung disease in women age 15-40 years. One third of all of the COPD deaths and disease burden in women aged 15-40 years is caused by exposure to indoor smoke from cooking with open fires or inefficient stoves.

10-Older women (60 years and over)

Globally, men slightly outnumber women but, as women tend to live longer than men, they represent a higher proportion of older adults: 54% of people 60 years of age and older are women aged 15-40 years, a proportion that rises to almost 60% at age 75 and older, and to 70% at age 90 and older.

11-Non communicable diseases

Noncommunicable diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases and cancers, are the biggest causes of death among older women, regardless of the level of economic development of the country in which they live. Cardiovascular diseases account for 46% of older women deaths globally, while a further 14% of deaths are caused by cancers mainly cancers of the lung, breast, colon and stomach. Chronic respiratory conditions, mainly COPD, cause another 9% of older women deaths.

Many of the health problems faced by women in older age are the result of exposure to risk factors in adolescence and adulthood, such as smoking and unhealthy diets.

12-Disability

Other health problems experienced by older women that decrease physical and cognitive functioning include poor vision (including cataracts), hearing loss, arthritis, depression and dementia. Although men also suffer from these conditions, in many countries women age 15-40 years are less likely to receive treatment or supportive aids than men.

Older women experience more disability than men, reflecting broader determinants of health such as:

Inequities in norms and policies that disadvantage women; Changing household structures; and Higher rates of unpaid or informal sector work.

These factors combine to increase vulnerabilities, and reduce access to needed and effective health services.

13-Hair loss

Hair loss is a big worry to many people, both male and female 15-40 years. If you have a worrying amount of hair in the basin after shampooing, you may think you are on the way to baldness, but this is not usually the case. The 500 to 1000 hairs that everyone loses each day often become tangled with the rest of the hair, but are washed out when we shampoo. So we see what seems like a lot of hair in the basin after shampooing, but in reality these hairs have been shed earlier.

Of course, bald areas are an obvious sign of hair loss, but otherwise it can be difficult to tell whether your hair is getting thinner. To find out, try the tug test. Hold a small bunch of hairs about 15 or 20 hairs between the thumb and index finger. Pull slowly and firmly. If more than six hairs come out there may be a problem.

The portion of the hair that we can see is called the shaft. The hair is attached to the base of the follicle by the hair root, which is where the hair actually grows and where it is nourished by tiny blood vessels.

The thickness of each hair depends on the size of the follicle from which it is growing. At puberty in boys, hormones increase the size of the follicles on the chin, chest and limbs so that each hair becomes more thick and wiry. In the elderly, the follicles shrink and the hair becomes finer.

14-Stages of hair growth

Hair growth is not a continuous process. It has several stages. The first phase is the growing stage. Hair grows at about 1 cm each month and this phase lasts for anything between 2 and 5 years. This is followed by a resting stage, during which there is no growth. At the end of the resting phase, the hair is shed. At any moment, about 90% of the hair follicles of the scalp are growing hairs in the first phase; only about 10% are in the resting phase. If a follicle is destroyed for any reason, no new hair will grow from it.

Author :Center for Recent Innovations - European Union
Pulished date: 05-29-16
Pulisher:
Springer with the Collaboration of LearnRnd
Source URL:http://www.learnrnd.com/detail.php?id=Top_20_problems_faced_by_girls_and_womens_between_15_years_to_40_years

How Poverty Effects on Child Development

Poverty causes depression and depression affects a children social and emotional competence. The new discoveries show that the level of education is very important in child mother relationship and if the education is less...more


And the Mountains Echoed:Complete Summary and Critical Analysis

The name of the author is Khalid Husseini, He basically belongs to Afghanistan but was relocated to California in 1980 by Afghan Foreign Ministry. He graduated from high school in 1984 and later earned...more


An Ember in the Ashes:Novel Summary,Analysis and All Research Findings
Laia is a scholar living with her grandparents and brother under the rule of the Martial Empire. She and her family lived in the backstreets of the Empire. Elias: The finest soldier at Black...more

Delicious Foods Novel Summary

Eddie finds her mom. bring her back to home with him and his wife and of course his son .and they started living a happy life but suddenly everything changes time proved to be...more


Climate Change and their Causes with its Impacts on world

Climate Change is the average increase in temperature of Earth or change in average weather conditions or in the time variation of weather around long term average conditions. Climate Change is also known as...more


Why Hearing loss occur its Causes and Symptoms

Hearing loss is becoming more prevalent in this noisy world and is increasing day by day. it is believed that onset of hearing impairment is happening in younger age. Hearing is ability to detect...more


Nano 3D Printing

The word nano means microscopic and 3D printing means process of making objects in 3D.This is made by storing the design in the computer. The object is formed by continuous layers of the material...more


Eragon Novel Summary
After killing Durza Eragon becomes hero of the nation. Nation give him more honor and respect than the evil king Galbaterix.The king is jealous from eragon and he wants to divide and rule over...more

Recreate the Nature

How do scientists think to recreate nature?  Nature is everything that surrounds the environment and also adds to the beauty of the environment. Nature plays a very important role in maintaining the balance in...more


3D Printed drugs

There are varies method to print a 3d drug. Most commonly drugs are made in 3 stepsby usingcomputedtomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).THE steps are

  1. Prebioprinting: in this process a rough model is designed...more