There are different stages that occur in our life, merely they are known as developmental stages. First stage is known as Adolescence aged (7-13) then Young adulthood comes. Every stage has its own number of developments in which an individual shows different changes such as physical, psychological and other cognitive maturity. Next stage comes when the previous get completed. After young adulthood, middle adulthood comes and its onset is from (45-65).After this stage old adulthood comes onset from 65 onward. At this stage Dementia is common known as the deterioration of brain functioning.it includes loss of memory, false judgments, sleeplessness, hearing loss, negative thoughts, and disturbed feelings. Individual shows many cognitive problems and get into many diseases and disorders aswel.
Alzheimer’s disease:-It’s the form of dementia, refers to the problem with memory, thinking behavior and other intellectual disabilities.it gets worsen over time.no cure is present for Alzheimer but probably in future it would be possible.
Amnesic disorder:-It refers as the serious memory loss. Individual is totally unable to learn new information and unable to recall previously learned information. This deterioration is due to the over age and sometimes due to the serious stress. Cognitive behavioral therapies are somehow deemed as their cure.
Apraxia:-refers as dysfunctioning of motor activities.
Aphasia:-unable to recall vocabulary.
Nerves gets weaken, and shrieked. Their hands starts showing less hold and grip over objects. Severe body pain due to weak bones is found common at this stage. Frequent shivering’s.
How to Delay the Effects of Aging
Changes in attention:-due to aging the individual shows less attention toward the serious things and at other different matters of their life.
DNA Damage:-many studies have shown that due to age the DNA starts damaging specifically due to the age in mammalian brain.
Role of stress:-studies have been demonstrated that cognitive impairments are usually due to the oxidative stress.whereas oxidative stress is the controllable and highly understood factor.
Brain plasticity:-it refers as the change in the neural pathway. There is a situation of healthy nervous system that ‘if you don’t use it, you will lose it’. That means if you don’t use your nervous system then nerve cells definitely gets dead.
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