Terrorism has been described variously as both a tactic and strategy a crime and a holy duty a justified reaction to oppression and an inexcusable abomination. Terrorism has often been an effective tactic for the weaker side in a conflict. Terrorism is use of violence to achieve specific political social or cultural goals. Yes violence is there striking terror is there but for what reason it is either to establish a government or to destroy one. A definition proposed by Carsten bockstette at George c.marshall European centre for security studies underlines the psychological and tactical aspects of terrorism it is defined as a political violence in an unsymmetrical conflict that is designed to induce terror and psychic fear through the violent victimization and destruction of non combatant targets such acts are meant to send message from an illicit clandestine organization. The purpose of terrorism is to exploit the media in order to achieve maximum attainable publicity as an amplifying force multiplier in order to reach short and mid-term political goals and or desired long term end states. Each act of terrorism is a performance devised to have an impact on many large audiences. Terrorists also attack national symbols to show power and to attempt to shake the foundation of the country or society they are opposed to. This may negatively affect a government while increasing the prestige of the given terrorist group and or ideology behind a terrorist act. The event of terrorism is certainly related with what is happening in the society. The society is falling apart. Its old order discipline morality religion everything has been found to be wrongly taking place. It has lost its power over people conscience. There are two major causes of terrorism one is social and political injustice people choose terrorism when they are trying to right what they perceive to be a social or political or historical wrong when they have been stripped of their lands or right or denied these. The other cause in the belief that violence or its threat will be effective and usher in change.
Another way of saying that is the belief that violent means justify the ends. Many terrorists in history said sincerely that they choose violence after long deliberation because they felt they had no choice. Terrorism is a need for specific extremist people when they find no other way of leading the society to their so called right way. To fulfill their demands to cherish their ideology they find the extreme way the only way of terrorism. Religion is a basic and most powerful tool which motivates terrorist and encourage them to fight upto the extreme mark. Even in any religion including Islam extreme acts are always discouraged. A moderate environment should be maintained. Terrorism leads to disintegration of society. The incident of murder torture kidnapping extortion mutilation creates air of suspicion fear and panic all around. Terrorists always kill innocent people all around the world. Killing of the innocent people is greatest sin of all. Organized crime and violence cause social disharmony. Hatred is spread all over the society .peace and healthy relationships within the society are demolished. the interrelationships among various insurgent groups and their foreign linkages bring illegal money and encourages smuggling .
Many insurgent groups collect certain percentage of money from the employees and businessmen on regular basis. Economic development of an area comes to an end. Heavy expenditures are required to meetthe challenges of terrorism. People donot invest at that place city or country which is under terrorism and when the place is at ease and easy target for terrorists. Tourism is greatly affected by terrorism. Tourism is a critical source of revenue generation and therefore a major component of economic development. After an attack on a specific place by terrorist tourists change their destination. They are afraid of that place and thus that country suffers with a bad image and foreign tourists dont visit as well as national people avoid such places. Terrorism has adverse effects on educational sector and worth of education. Level of education has been destroyed in Pakistan due to continuously killing attacks and terrorism on educational sectors. Between 2000 and 2004 Pakistanis in the age group 55 to 64 had a literacy rate of almost 38% and those ages 25 to 34 had 57% and those 15 to 24 of ages have 72% but now a day’s educational system is destroyed the rate of 15 to 24 ages have dropped to 50% from 72% that a huge setback for the nation.
The major impact of the activity is that parents have stopped their children to attend the school and which have reduced the level of education in the country. Hundreds of school was blown up in KPK and FATA region. Terrorism affects friendly relationships of country with others. When terrorism is promoted in a country other countries maintain distances for their own benefit and peace. Respect peace and solidarity success of a country also depends upon how it controls it terrorism.Terror has brought in its wake psychological problems. Fear in the heart of people is created trauma depressions and confusion has been increased. The people feel insecure and unsafe whenever in their daily life activities as time and again they watch terror events taking place in different cities. Those have especially been suffered who have closely witnessed the suicidal bombings. lot of efforts are being made to eliminate terrorism but it seems that instead of coming to an end t is increasing day by day and more people are becoming victim because of terrorism. Reducing poverty can have a huge impact on reducing level of terrorism. Reducing unemployment can reduce terrorism.
There is an acute need to create employment opportunities so that people should not tilt towards negative activities and they could remain busy in their jobs. There is a gap between poor and rich. This gap has caused people to move towards terrorism as they need shelter food cloth for their families and terrorist mastermind assure them that they will. We need to end this injustice in our society so we can stop terrorism. If people are given education at free cost or even minimizing the costs the trend of tilting towards extremism and terrorism can be reduced. the government should open more and more schools for children and education should be made available for everyone as it is necessary to make world safe from current and future terrorism.
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